banshur69 (banshur69) wrote,
banshur69
banshur69

Шумеро-сино-тибетское, часть 1

Шумеро-сино-тибетские схождения

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ʔʷǝn (~ qhʷ-)

Meaning: sky, cloud

Chinese: *whǝn cloud.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Lushai: vān the sky, heavens.

= an

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ʔʷīj (s-)

Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Meaning: blood

Chinese: *swhīt blood.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Tibetan: yi spirit.

Burmese: swijh blood, LB *Sujx.

Kachin: sai2 blood.

Lushai: thi blood, KC *thi.

Lepcha: vi

Kiranti: *hì

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Comments: Tsangla yi; BG: Dimasa thi, Garo anʔ-tśi, Bodo tǝ́y; Rawang śö; Trung čǝi1; Kanauri świ; Rgyarung -śi; Moshang tă-gri; Banpara a-dźi; Miri iyu; Vayu vi; Bahing hu-si; Digaro hǝroi~hrwei. Sh. 52, 135, 442; Ben. 51; Mat 181.

= zi, shi “spirit”

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *bǝ̆n

Meaning: divide, part

Chhinese: *pǝn to divide, separate, *bǝns part, portion.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Burmese: LB *pan 'bite' (?)

Kachin: (H) ban a division, part.

Comments: Bodo pan share, part.

= ba "to divide into shares, share, halve; to allot"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *bɨ̄m

Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Meaning: grave, tumulus

Chinese: *pǝ̄ŋs to bury (cf. also *pram ~ -ǝm to lower a coffin into the grave).

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Tibetan: ãbum tomb, sepulchre.

Burmese: pum heap; grave, tumulus.

Kachin: bum2 a mountain.

Lushai: phūm to bury, to inter.

= abum " mound for funerary use"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *[ć]a

Meaning: net

Chinese: *ćia rabbit-net.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Lushai: sa (sak) to make (as net), to net.

= sa “a net”

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *[c]āŋ

Meaning: good

Chinese: *ćāŋ good.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Tibetan: bzaŋ good, fair, beautiful.

Lepcha: čóŋ to be handsome; to be pretty; to be beautiful

Kiranti: *caŋ (/ʔc-) 'new'

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Comments: Cf. also Burm. saŋ be useful. Coblin 87; Gong 73. Cf. also: Yintale (Karen) ǯɨ.55, Ao Naga taʒuŋ, Gurung *čhaN, Nocte asan, Naxi ʒ́ǝ.31 'good'.

= sag8; sag9; sag10; šeg10; sag12 "(to be) good, sweet, beautiful; goodness, good (thing)"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ćāk

Meaning: love, desire

Tibetan: ćhags to love.

Kachin: n-ǯaʔ2 to show love.

Lushai: čāk want, desire

= ki aĝ2; kiĝ2; ki-ga-aĝ2; ki-ig-aĝ2; ki-ig-ga-aĝ2 "to love"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ćer

Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Meaning: boil, cook

Chinese: *ćen fry, boil.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Lushai: čiar be thoroughly cooked (by boiling).

= šeĝ6 "to cook; to dry a field; to fire (pottery)"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *chĕŋ

Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Meaning: clean, clear

Chinese: *cheŋ clear, pure, bright.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Tibetan: saŋs (p. (b)saŋs, f. (b)saŋ) to clean (dirt etc.), cleanse, (b)seŋ clean, white, ãchaŋ to take away, to take off (cf. also gcaŋ be clean, chaŋs purified, clean).

Burmese: ćaŋ be clean, pure.

Kachin: seŋ1, ceŋ1 be clean, pure, free (cf. also (H) coŋ to remove, clear away).

Lushai: thiaŋ (thian) be clear, KC *M-r?-thiaŋʔ.

Lepcha: čóŋ to wash, to cleanse, to purify

Kiranti: *sèŋ

= šen "(to be) pure, clear"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *chĭk (~ ś-, -ĕk)

Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Meaning: cold

Lushai: sik cold, KC *śik.

Kiranti: *[ch]ik

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

= šeg9; šeg4 "snow; sleet; cold weather; frost, ice; burning, incineration; chills, shivers"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *CiɫH

Meaning: bright

Tibetan: zil brightness, splendour.

Burmese: ćańʔ be bright, brilliant.

= zil2 "(to be) good; (to be) benificent" = zal "shine"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ćɨāk

Meaning: act, start

Chinese: *ćāk act, do, make; to be; rise (806l), ćāk to start.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Tibetan: ćhags be begotten, produced, come forth, to appear, ãʒ́ag (p. ʒ́ags) to establish, settle, fix.

Lushai: thok (thoʔ) to work, to do (work); to set out; to make a beginning.

= ak "to do; to make; to act, perform; to proceed, proceeding (math.)"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ć(r)ɨ̆k

Meaning: side; oblique, slanting

Chinese: *ćrǝk side, *ćrǝk slanting, oblique.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Tibetan: gźog side of the body.

Burmese: ćauk be steep.

Lushai: čuk descend, steep (downwards), down.

= zag "arm; shoulder; side; border, boundary, district; limit; right side, the right"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *dhălH

Meaning: wide, spread, extend

Chinese: *thajʔ wide, extend.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Tibetan: rdal (p., f. brdal, i. rdol) to spread, to cover, gdal, bdal id. (cf. also dar be diffused, to spread).

Burmese: thaʔ to develop, become stronger.

Kachin: mǝden2 to widen, extend.

= daĝal; dam-gal; di-am-ga-al; da-ma-al "(to be) wide; width, breadth"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *dūk

Meaning: thick

Chinese: *tūk firm, solid; massive; heavily.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Tibetan: stug, ãthug, mthug thickness, thick.

Burmese: thǝuk-thǝuk thickly.

Kiranti: *thùŋ

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

= dugud "(to be) heavy; (to be) important"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *kăŋ

Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Meaning: fry, roast

Burmese: kaŋ to broil, roast, toast.

Kachin: kaŋ2 be hot, be dry, as paddy, gǝkaŋ1 roast, toast, bake.

Lushai: kaŋ (kan) to fry, kaŋ evaporate, dry up; be exposed to the sun (cf. also kāŋ burn).

Kiranti: *kaŋ

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Comments: Rawang dǝgaŋ toast; Ao Naga *koŋ 'dry'. Ben 71-2; Mat. 162.

= kum2; kum4 "(to be) hot"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *khāw

Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Meaning: call

Chinese: *ghāw cry out, call.

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Tibetan: sgo (p. bsgo, bsgos) to say (of superiors).

Kachin: (H) gau to summon, call, as nats.

Lushai: kô (kôʔ) to call, KC *ko.

= gu3 "voice, cry, noise"

Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *Krij

Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology

Описание: Описание: http://starling.rinet.ru/icons/plus-8.png

Meaning: brass, copper

Tibetan: gri knife.

Burmese: krijh copper, brass, LB *krijx .

Kachin: mǝgri1 brass (cf. also (H) n-khji a small knife)).

Lushai: KC *M-Gre ? iron.

= ĝiri2; urudĝiri2; me2-er; me-er; me-ri "razor; sword, dagger"

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